Infant injury during delivery
Birth trauma is any injury to the baby that happens during the delivery process. It can happen whether doctors use an instrument to deliver the baby or not. Most of these injuries are minor, such as swelling or bruising, but some, like head, bone and nerve injury, can be serious. Some of these injuries may be preventable, so we strive to avoid all birth trauma injuries.
Most babies are born without incident or injury. However, childbirth is still risky, and some babies experience birth injuries. While some deliveries have higher risks than others, some of these complications may be preventable.
About this measure
This measure tracks the cases of birth trauma or injury to babies born alive in the hospital out of every 1000 live births. This statistic excludes some preterm (premature) infants and those infants with osteogenesis imperfecta (a skeletal disease characterized by unusually fragile bones) because birth trauma and injury to these babies is more difficult to prevent.
In this case, a lower number is better.