Crohn Disease Treatments

Your treatment will depend on your symptoms, overall health and the progression of your disease. Treatment options include:

  • Medication: Medicines for Crohn disease include anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and inflammation, immune system suppression drugs to control the immune response, and antibiotics to fight infection.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to remove the damaged portion of your digestive system, repair fistulas, drain abscesses or widen strictures.
  • Supplements: Since inflammation can prevent vitamin absorption and some medications put patients at a higher risk for osteoporosis, it is important to follow a diet high in vitamin D, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals.
  • Diet: Although foods do not cause inflammation and irritation, some foods such as dairy, high-fiber grains, hot spices and alcohol can provoke symptoms. Your physician may ask you to keep a detailed food diary and work with a dietitian to identify and avoid foods that cause symptoms for you.
  • Quitting smoking: Smoking can cause you to have more severe symptoms and more frequent relapses.
  • Manage stress: Exercise, biofeedback and relaxation exercises can help you manage your response to stress.

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