Meniere Disease Treatments
There is no cure for Meniere disease, but treatment may include medication, surgery, physical therapy and/or lifestyle changes.
Your physician might recommend a combination of treatments, including:
- Medications, such as:
- Motion sickness drugs and anti-nausea medications may help minimize dizziness and control nausea and vomiting during an episode of dizziness.
- A diuretic may help reduce fluid retention within the ear, for a longer term solution.
- Injections: Steroids and certain antibiotics can be injected into the inner ear to calm symptoms or even eliminate the balance function in one of the ears.
- Surgical options including:
- Endolymphatic sac decompression: This surgery involves removing part of the labyrinth bone and inserting a tube to drain excess fluid.
- Vestibular nerve section: This surgery attempts to save hearing while eliminating the balance function in the affected ear by cutting the nerve.
- Labyrinthectomy: If hearing is already severely impacted, your surgeon can remove the labyrinth entirely to reduce dizziness.
- Physical therapy: Therapists with additional training in vestibular rehabilitation can teach you exercises to improve your balance.
- Meniett pulse generator: This device applies pulses of pressure to the ear canal to avoid fluid build-up.
- Reduce sodium: Less sodium in the diet will help you stop retaining fluids, even in your inner ear.
Specialists also recommend identifying and managing stressors to help minimize your symptoms.