What Is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, the gland that's located below a man’s bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate makes the thick fluid that’s part of semen and plays an important role in both sexual function and urinary function.

Prostatitis can occur to men of any age. It should not be confused with prostate cancer.

There are four types of prostatitis:

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis: The least common form of prostatitis, acute bacterial prostatitis has severe symptoms that require immediate treatment. It may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms, including body aches and fever.
  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: With no symptoms, this type of prostatitis is often found only when testing semen for infertility.
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis: This type of prostatitis has mild symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis, but recurs frequently. It is less common than the other types.
  • Chronic prostatitis: The most common form of prostatitis, chronic prostatitis features symptoms that recur over time. There is no cure, but your physician can help you manage your symptoms.