Hair Disorders and Hair Loss Prevention Treatments
Northwestern Medicine specialists offer advanced treatment for hair loss by performing surgical and non-surgical hair replacement procedures. Options include:
- Hair transplant surgery: In this procedure, the surgeon removes patches of skin containing hair and applies it to balding or thinning areas.
- Tissue expansion: Tissue expansion involves hair-bearing skin being stretched to cover balding areas.
- Flap surgery: In this surgery, a portion of balding skin is removed and replaced with a flap of hair-bearing skin.
- Scalp reduction: Sections of bald scalp are removed and the hair-bearing parts of the scalp are pulled together to fill in the area.
- Non-surgical options:
- Finasteride (a pill for treating baldness that blocks the enzyme responsible for hair loss)
- Over-the-counter topical solutions such as minoxidil (Rogaine®)
Sunscreen and head covering are essential for people with thinning hair or baldness to protect the scalp from sunburn and skin cancer.
Hair loss prevention techniques include:
- Switching from medications that cause hair loss
- Eating a diet rich in protein and iron
- Changing hairstyles to one that doesn’t pull hair tightly
- Stress-reduction techniques
- Laser phototherapy devices
- Avoiding harsh hair treatments