Asthma Treatments

There is no cure for asthma, but avoiding triggers and taking long-term and quick-acting medications can help keep symptoms under control.

Lifestyle changes include:

  • Eliminating smoking from your home and workplace
  • Avoiding chemical fumes and fragrances
  • Identifying and treating your allergies
  • Keeping dust, pet dander, mold and mildew under control in your home
  • Using an air conditioner rather than opening windows
  • Protecting your lungs from extreme cold
  • Warming up before and cooling down after exercise
  • Controlling heartburn and GERD

Medications for asthma include:

  • Long-term control medications, such as:
    • Inhaled corticosteroids
    • Anti-inflammatories
    • Bronchodilators
    • Leukotriene modifiers
    • Anti-lgE
  • Short-term “rescue” medications, such as:
    • Beta2-agonists
    • Anticholinergics
    • Oral corticosteroids
  • Inhalation devices, such as:
    • Nebulizers
    • Dry powder disks


  • Lifestyle and Behavioral Modifications
  • Medications
Legal Information

By clicking on these websites, you are leaving the Northwestern Medicine website. These websites are independent resources. Northwestern Medicine does not operate or control the content of these websites. By visiting these websites, you agree to this third party’s terms of use for their website.