How Screen Time Affects Your Eyes
With an aging population and growth in technology use, the number of people in the United States who are visually impaired is estimated to double by 2030. An estimated 93 million U.S. adults are at high risk for vision loss, and only half have visited an eye doctor in the past 12 months.
The Pandemic and Your Eyes
Because of the pandemic, many people have opted to skip important medical visits, including eye exams. Michelle E. Andreoli, MD, an ophthalmologist at Northwestern Medicine, emphasizes the impact the pandemic has had on eye health.
"We woke, we sat at our computers, we ended our workday, and then we spent hours on our devices," says Dr. Andreoli. "Too many hours per day staring at a screen causes eye strain. When working on a computer, we do not blink as often, causing the surface of the eye to become dry. This will cause our eyes to become hazy, blurry and burn. In turn, you may feel tired and fatigued."
Constantly staring at a screen can cause a condition known as dry eye. Each time you blink, tears spread across the front surface of the eye, known as the cornea. Tears provide lubrication and reduce the risk of eye infection. When you do not have enough tears to nourish your eyes, they can become irritated.
Glasses or Contacts
Another cause of eye strain could be the type of eyeglass lenses you wear, such as progressive, single vision or bifocal.
"We all love the convenience of a progressive bifocal, but the section of our progressive lenses made for computer vision is near the bottom of the lens and is very narrow in the lens, typically," Dr. Andreoli says. "With this situation, we have to tip our chin up to read clearly. This can cause significant eye strain and fatigue."
If you are thinking about switching to contact lenses, Dr. Andreoli advises you ease into it.
"Reintroducing contact lenses can be difficult, as our eyes have become drier from extensive computer work," she says. "The best way to start to wear your contacts is two hours per day the first day, four hours per day the second day, six hours the third day, eight hours the fourth day and continue this pattern until you can wear them for 12 hours," says Dr. Andreoli. "Also, as one reintroduces contacts, be sure to keep the eyes well lubricated with over-the-counter artificial tears for enhanced comfort."
Reduce the Strain
The digital lifestyle many people have due to remote work makes staring at a screen much of the day unavoidable. However, there are ways to ease the strain on eyes.
"The longer our eyes are on our screens, the more fatigued and strained our eyes become," says Dr. Andreoli. "Taking frequent breaks and minimizing recreational screen time helps our eyes stay healthy and makes them less tired."
Dr. Andreoli suggests the rule of 20s: Every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break to look at something 20 feet away. In addition, try to minimize screen time to let your eyes rest.
Your Child's Eyes
"As parents, this may seem overwhelming," says Dr. Andreoli. "But these exams can be fun and easy for children. We typically use sprays instead of eye drops, play games and are devoted to making the experience simple for kids. After kindergarten, children should be undergoing eye exams every two to three years unless a teacher, parent or student notices a problem."