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Medical Advances

HIV/AIDS Research Roundup

The Latest on Prevention and Treatment

Since HIV/AIDS was first identified nearly four decades ago, research continues to advance the fields of both infection prevention and treatment.

HIV Prevention Among Young Transgender Women

Transgender women’s odds of contracting HIV are estimated to be 34 times greater than that of all adults of reproductive age, with research suggesting a particularly high infection rate among younger transgender women. One clinical trial conducted at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine suggests that Project LifeSkills, a behavioral intervention program, can significantly reduce the risk of HIV infection among young transgender women. Read the full article.

HIV Prevention Among Young Gay Men

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded an $8.8 million grant to Keep It Up!, an online HIV prevention program that has been shown in a study to reduce sexually transmitted infections in gay young men by 40 percent. The program was created by the Institute for Sexual and Gender Minority Health and Wellbeing at Northwestern University, which will use the grant to implement the program in real-world settings as part of the next phase of the study. Read the full article.

New Options for HIV Prevention and Treatment

When HIV was first discovered in the early 1980s, it carried a devastating stigma that kept patients from seeking information, care and support. Fear and shame led to further spread of the virus and more lives lost. While there is still no cure for HIV, we have a much greater understanding of the virus and how it’s transmitted. Advances in medicine are helping people reduce their risk of developing HIV and helping those who are infected live healthy, active lives. Read the full article.

Sexually Transmitted Infections: What You Need to Know

Whether you’re single, married or returning to the midlife dating game, anyone who is sexually active is at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Northwestern Medicine Gynecologist and Sexual Medicine Specialist Lauren Streicher, MD, answers the most common questions about STIs and how you can protect yourself. Read the full article.

Using Social Data to Improve LGBT Health

The IMPACT LGBT Health and Development Program at Northwestern University conducts research that aims to improve the health of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community and to increase understanding of the development of sexual orientation and gender identity. The program is conducting a couple of unique studies geared toward better understanding of how social trends and behaviors contribute to the spread of HIV. Read the full article.

The Underestimated Heart Risk of HIV

Current tools to predict the risk of heart attack and stroke vastly underestimate the risk in individuals with HIV, which is nearly double that of the general population, according to a Northwestern Medicine study. The higher risk for heart attack — about 1.5 to two times greater — exists even when the virus itself is undetectable due to antiretroviral drugs. Read the full article.

Lauren F. Streicher, MD
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