The most common treatment for spasticity involves a combination of physical therapy and medications, including:
- Oral medications:
- Benzodiazepines (Valium® and Klonopin®)
- Dantrolene sodium (Dantrium®)
- Tizanidine (Zanaflex™)
- Intravenous medications:
- Botulinum toxin (Botox®, Myobloc®, Dysport®)
- Intrathecal medication (liquid Baclofen™)
- In some cases, surgery may be performed on the affected muscles, blocking pain receptors and allowing the restoration of some movement.
- Physical therapy:
- Physical therapy for spasticity includes range-of-motion exercises, stretching of tighter muscles and routine repositioning of affected limbs.