Pleuroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows a physician to view the pleural cavity. The pleura are the two thin layers of smooth tissue that line the chest cavity and surround the lungs. During the procedure, a pleuroscope (a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end) is introduced through a small incision in the chest wall.

Pleuroscopy can be used to:

  • Obtain a biopsy (tissue sample)
  • Drain built-up fluid that’s causing pressure on the lungs
  • Perform a pleurodesis
  • Introduce medication to the pleural cavity
  • Repair a collapsed lung

Pleuroscopy is also known as thoracoscopy.

Related Resources

Thoracoscopy is a video-assisted surgery that can permit an interventional pulmonologist to perform a variety of procedures.

After a Thoracoscopy
Find out what you need to know when you are recovering at the hospital and at home after a thoracoscopy.