Pleuroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows a physician to view the pleural cavity. The pleura are the two thin layers of smooth tissue that line the chest cavity and surround the lungs. During the procedure, a pleuroscope (a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end) is introduced through a small incision in the chest wall.
Pleuroscopy can be used to:
- Obtain a biopsy (tissue sample)
- Drain built-up fluid that’s causing pressure on the lungs
- Perform a pleurodesis
- Introduce medication to the pleural cavity
- Repair a collapsed lung
Pleuroscopy is also known as thoracoscopy.