Causes and Diagnoses

Causes and Diagnoses of Facial Aging and Trauma

Facial aging and trauma can have a variety of causes, from congenital (present at birth) deformities to illnesses, accidents and exposure to the elements. Common causes include:

  • Cleft palate and lip
  • Congenital skull and facial deformities
  • Neuromuscular diseases
  • Car accidents
  • Sports injuries
  • Sun and wind exposure
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Burns

Diagnosing facial aging and trauma

Your physician will do a full physical exam and take a history of your symptoms. Other diagnostic tests may include:

  • Electromyogram (EMG): This test can confirm nerve involvement and measure the severity of the damage.
  • Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): These tests help your physician analyze the structural causes for your symptoms.

In cases of cosmetic surgery, your physician may want to discuss:

  • Your reasons for wanting the surgery
  • Your expectations for results
  • The recovery period
  • The medical risks
  • The expense involved for elective surgery
  • Whether or not you smoke


Related Resources

American Academy of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery*

Face to Face: American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery*

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