Symptoms of HIV

When first infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, some people have no symptoms. Others have flu-like symptoms within the first two to four weeks. Those symptoms during the acute stage may include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Rash

People in the latent (dormant) stage may have no symptoms at all. The median length of time people can be in the dormant stage before developing AIDS is 7 to 10 years.

Symptoms in the final stage of HIV—acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)—will vary from patient to patient. Some typical symptoms include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Frequent yeast infections
  • Persistent rashes
  • One or more opportunistic infections, such as:
    • Lymphoma
    • Tuberculosis
    • Bacterial pneumonia
    • Valley fever
    • Candidiasis of the respiratory system and mucus membranes
    • Encephalitis (infection of the brain)
    • Herpes simplex virus
    • Kaposi’s sarcoma on the skin and internal organs
    • Diarrhea from several bacteria and parasites