Symptoms of HIV

When first infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, some people have no symptoms. Others have flu-like symptoms within the first two to four weeks. Those symptoms during the acute stage may include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Rash

People in the latent (dormant) stage may have no symptoms at all. The median length of time people can be in the dormant stage before developing AIDS is 7 to 10 years.

Symptoms in the final stage of HIV—acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)—will vary from patient to patient. Some typical symptoms include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Frequent yeast infections
  • Persistent rashes
  • One or more opportunistic infections, such as:
    • Lymphoma
    • Tuberculosis
    • Bacterial pneumonia
    • Valley fever
    • Candidiasis of the respiratory system and mucus membranes
    • Encephalitis (infection of the brain)
    • Herpes simplex virus
    • Kaposi’s sarcoma on the skin and internal organs
    • Diarrhea from several bacteria and parasites
Legal Information

By clicking on these websites, you are leaving the Northwestern Medicine website. These websites are independent resources. Northwestern Medicine does not operate or control the content of these websites. By visiting these websites, you agree to this third party’s terms of use for their website.