Concussion Treatments

Depending on the type of injury and its severity, treatment for a concussion may include:

  • Ice
  • Rest
  • Topical antibiotic ointment and adhesive bandage
  • Observation at home
  • Immediate medical attention
  • Stitches
  • Hospitalization for observation
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Surgery

Because the injury from a concussion can cause the brain to swell, a surgeon may also use an intracranial pressure device (ICP) to monitor the pressure inside the skull.

A concussion may also cause short- or long-term loss of muscle, speech, vision, hearing or taste function, depending on the area of brain damage. In those cases, physical, occupational or speech therapy may be necessary.