Although it resembles multiple sclerosis in some respects, neuromyelitis optica (NMO) differs in several ways. The cause of and treatment for NMO is also different from multiple sclerosis.
NMO is a disease in which the immune system attacks a water channel present in particular cells in the optic nerve, brain or spinal cord. People with NMO may experience optic neuritis affecting one or both eyes, inflammation involving long segments of the spinal cord, intractable nausea or hiccoughs, among other neurologic symptoms. In some cases, NMO may be associated with other diseases.
The Northwestern Medicine Multiple Sclerosis and Clinical Neuroimmunology Program offers cutting-edge, evaluation and compassionate care for patients with NMO. To learn more about our neurodiagnostic services or to request an appointment, please call 312.695.7950 or fax your physician referral to 312.695.5747.