Causes and Diagnoses

Causes and Diagnoses of Gout

Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposits in the joints, due to an excess of uric acid in the body. Uric acid may build up because of:

  • An increase in production by the body
  • Under-elimination of the uric acid by the kidneys
  • Increased intake of certain foods high in purines, which metabolize into uric acid in the body, such as:
    • Certain meats, such as game meats, kidney, brains and liver
    • Seafood, such as anchovies, herring, scallops, sardines and mackerel
    • Dried beans and dried peas

Anatomy of the foot

Gout attacks may be triggered by any or all of the following:

  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Consumption of sugary drinks high in fructose
  • Consumption of protein-rich foods
  • Fatigue
  • Emotional stress
  • Minor surgery
  • Illness


To get an accurate diagnosis of gout, your physician may:

  • Take a complete medical history
  • Conduct a physical examination
  • Take a fluid sample from the affected joint and have it examined for the presence of urate crystals