Some types of vasculitis (like Henoch-Schonlein Purpura) go away without treatment other than bed rest and over-the-counter pain medication.
For vasculitis that requires medical therapy, there are two main types of treatments:
This is the most common medical treatment for vasculitis, and may include:
- Corticosteroids: Prednisone and prednisolone, may be used to reduce inflammation in the body.
- Cytotoxic medications: Azathioprine and methotrexate may be used if the condition cannot be treated well with corticosteroids.
If vasculitis progresses to the point where blood vessels become too inflamed, the condition may result in an aneurysm (bulge in the vessel wall). If this occurs, surgery may be required to remove the aneurysm.