What is a Hysteroscopy?

During a hysteroscopy, your physician will insert a thin, flexible, lighted tube called a hysteroscope into your vagina to examine your cervix and uterus. The procedure is not a surgery and is usually performed in an outpatient setting or at your physician's office under local or no anesthesia. In more complicated cases, you may undergo a hysteroscopy in an operating room under local, regional or general anesthesia. If you are pregnant, you cannot undergo this procedure.

During a hysteroscopy, your physician may:

  • Do a biopsy (tissue sample)
  • Remove fibroid tumors or polyps
  • Perform an endometrial ablation to prevent heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Remove intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Put birth control inserts in the fallopian tubes

Reasons you may need a hysteroscopy

There are several reasons your physician may want you to have a hysteroscopy, including:

  • Abnormal or heavy uterine bleeding
  • Bleeding during menopause
  • Abnormal Pap smear results
  • Infertility or repeated miscarriages
  • Birth control procedures
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