Microvascular decompression (MVD) is a surgical procedure used to treat trigeminal neuralgia, a chronic pain condition that affects the face. Patients with trigeminal neuralgia can experience extreme but sporadic shock-like pain in the cheeks or jaw that makes it difficult to eat and drink.
Trigeminal neuralgia is caused by blood vessels compressing the trigeminal nerve. During a microvascular decompression procedure, surgeons remove the blood vessels that are touching the nerve, and insert a pad between the nerve and the arteries. Surgeons may also remove veins that are touching the nerve, or remove part of the nerve itself.
Northwestern Memorial Hospital Regenstein Center for Neurological CareLavin Family Pavilion259 East Erie Street, Floor 19Chicago, Illinois 60611place