The Ross procedure is a surgical treatment for people with a diseased aortic valve. It is often offered to people under 50 who do not want to take long-term anticoagulant (blood-thinning) medications after surgery.
How the Ross procedure is done:
A cardiac surgeon removes the diseased aortic valve.
- Then, the cardiac surgeon removes the pulmonary valve and places it where the aortic valve was. After this, the pulmonary valve is called an autograft.
- The cardiac surgeon then places a donor valve from a human cadaver in the pulmonary valve position. After this, the donor valve is called an allograft.