Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) Overview
Positron emission tomography—computed tomography (PET/CT) provides highly detailed images that can help fine-tune a diagnosis for cancer, heart disease or brain disorders.
At Northwestern Medicine, you’ll find the most current advances in PET/CT along with board-certified radiologists* and licensed technologists to guide your exam. PET/CT exams are performed in a convenient, comfortable outpatient setting.
How PET/CT works
PET/CT is a diagnostic imaging tool that combines two scan techniques: positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT). It uses a small dose of radiation to create detailed images of structures and functions inside your body and can detect problems that don’t show up on other types of diagnostic imaging exams.
How PET/CT is used
Physicians use PET/CT in many ways:
- To detect cancers and assess the effect of cancer therapy
- To diagnose heart disease and gauge heart muscle damage after a heart attack
- To examine the brain for people with specific brain disorders
About your exam
During a PET/CT scan, you are first injected with a radioactive substance. Lying on a flat table, you move slowly through a doughnut-shaped machine that detects positrons, tiny particles given off by the radioactive material. The machine takes a series of thin "slice" images, which are then assembled to create a three-dimensional image of your body.
A radiologist will interpret results of your exam and report them to your physician. PET/CT scanning is provided on an outpatient basis.