Bladder and Cloacal Exstrophy
The term “exstrophy” means the “turning inside out” of an organ. These conditions occur when a baby’s lower abdomen does not close properly and the bladder or urethra may be open. In the most severe cases (cloacal exstrophy), the bowel also does not form properly either and other abdominal contents are exposed.
After closure of the exstrophic bladder in childhood, the resulting function of the bladder is different for every patient and can change with time. A urologist can work with you to achieve your goals regarding urinary continence, as well as sexual function and fertility.