Masculinizing Surgeries

Masculinizing Surgeries

Masculinizing Surgeries

Mastectomy with free nipple graft "double incision"

Breast tissue is removed, and the skin is redraped to give a flat chest contour. The nipples are reduced and repositioned on the chest.

Periareolar “keyhole” mastectomy

Breast tissue is removed through a small incision around the areola. This is appropriate for people without extra skin.


Reconstruction of a penis is performed using tissue from another part of the body. Generally, this involves rolling the skin of the forearm into a “tube within a tube” and using a microscope to connect blood vessels and nerves. Vaginectomy, or closure of the vagina, and scrotoplasty, or creation of a scrotum, are performed at the same operation. Penile prostheses and testicular implants are placed at a later stage.

Facial masculinization surgery

Facial masculinization procedures alter the structure and contours of the face to appear more masculine. There is no single procedure that is right for everyone, but facial surgeries may include jaw or chin contouring and rhinoplasty.

Hysterectomy with or without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

Removal of uterus with or without removal of the Fallopian tubes and ovaries.