Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder. It causes tics. Tics are sudden purposeless movements or vocalizations. It is a type of tic disorder. Tics vary in severity. They can be different for each patient. The 2 types of tics are motor tics and vocal tics.
Motor tics can impact any part of the body. They can be simple or complex.
- Simple tics use 1 muscle group
- Complex tics use more than 1 muscle group
Motor tics include:
- Moving the head and shoulders
- Banging on surfaces
- Snapping fingers
- Touching objects or people
Vocal tics include:
- Making noises
- Throat clearing
- Saying words or sentences
Patients with Tourette syndrome will have at least 2 motor tics and at least 1 vocal tic that lasts for more than a year. It usually starts before the age of 18.
People with Tourette syndrome may also have:
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Learning difficulties
- Sleep disorders