The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body and connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. It plays an important role in walking, running and jumping. When the tendon becomes irritated, inflamed or torn, it is called Achilles tendinitis.
Possible causes include:
- Repetitive overuse or injury
- Exercising on inclines such as running uphill
- Exercising too much or too intensely
- Wearing improperly fitting shoes including high heels
- Having tight calf muscles and over-pronated feet